Download Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in by N. Papayanis PDF

By N. Papayanis

this can be apoliticalbiography ofAlphonseMerrheim, asignificant chief of the Conf6d6ration G6n6raledu Travail(CGT)intheyears among 1904 and 1923 and crucial member of the Federation of Metalworkers through the sameperiod. Hewas born inthe Nord in 1871 and becameaworkeratanearlyage, firstinmetallurgythanintextiles and eventually once again in metalworking. In his ideologicalevolution hepassed via asocialistpoliticalpartyandthenconvertedtorevolutionarys- dicalism. In his ordinary fusion of thought and perform, Merrheim represented a sort of innovative syndicalism that is helping outline the features of that stream. He believed, alongwithother revo- tionary syndicalists, that in the future a staff' basic strike could ov- throw capitalism. however the syndicalist flow wouldpreparethat ev- tualitybystrengtheningtheworkersthrough socialreformsandbycreating their category realization via schooling. Merrheim, besides the fact that, p- ticipatedsothoroughly intradeunionactivityandstudiedtheorganization of capitalistindustry so carefullythat he cametoemphasizetheprepa- tions for this sort of generalstrike even more than thestrikeitself. The try of his angle cameon theeve of, in the course of, and instantly afterWorld warfare I; for opposite tothe calls for of convinced militant and progressive workerswhobelievedthatthethreatofwar andthenthedislocationcaused via the conflict demanded a innovative reaction, Merrheim over and over stressedthe hazards ofsuch anaction prior to the adequatepreparation of the employees. Hissteadfast refusaleventorespondtothestrikeactions of a few ofhisown metalworkers in 1919 exhibits the significant contradiction among hisrevolutionary idea and reformistpractice. This e-book examinesindetailMerrheim'sevolution fromarevolutionary to areformer. Insodoingit alsoshedslightonanequallysubstantialtopic, particularly, howacertaintypeofworkerrespondedtoindustrializationinthe past due 19th and earlytwentiethcenturies. Merrheim is a fascinating determine, too, becauseofhispositioninthelabormovement, foritrepresents a distinct focalpoint forthestudy oflaborhistory. Merrheim enteredthe Frenchlabormovement within the Nineties and remainedactiveinituntil 1923. in the course of that periodhewas, successively, alocalunion chief, co-secretary xii of a nationallaborfederation, and animportant figurewithinthe CGT. by no means thesecretary-generaloftheCGT, hewasneverthelesstheconfident of thesecretary-generalfrom 1909, L6on Jouhaux.

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